Author + information
- Received February 27, 2018
- Revision received May 31, 2018
- Accepted June 22, 2018
- Published online December 3, 2018.
- Roberto M. Lang, MD∗ (, )
- Karima Addetia, MD,
- Akhil Narang, MD and
- Victor Mor-Avi, PhD
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Roberto M. Lang, Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, University of Chicago, 5758 South Maryland Avenue, MC 9067, Room 5509, Chicago, Illinois 60637.
The ongoing refinements in 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography technology continue to expand the scope of this imaging modality in clinical cardiology by offering new features that stem from the ability to image the heart in its complete dimensionality. Over the years, countless publications have described these benefits and tested new frontiers where 3D echocardiographic imaging seemed to offer promising ways to improve patients’ care. These include improved techniques for chamber quantification and novel ways to visualize cardiac valves, including 3D printing, virtual reality, and holography. The aims of this review article are to focus on the most important developments in the field in the recent years, discuss the current utility of 3D echocardiography, and highlight several interesting future directions.
Dr. Lang has received grants from Philips. Dr. Akhil Narang’s position is funded by a T32 Cardiovascular Sciences Training Grant (5T32HL7381). Drs. Addetia and Mor-Avi have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received February 27, 2018.
- Revision received May 31, 2018.
- Accepted June 22, 2018.
- 2018 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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