Author + information
- Received December 17, 2018
- Revision received April 6, 2019
- Accepted May 7, 2019
- Published online November 4, 2019.
- aCardiovascular Research Centre and Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, London, United Kingdom
- bNational Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Sanjay K. Prasad, Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Unit, Royal Brompton Hospital, Sydney Street, London SW3 6NP, United Kingdom.
• Expansion of the interstitium, most commonly from myocardial fibrosis, is an important feature of pathological hypertrophy that perpetuates worsening myocardial dysfunction.
• Noninvasive imaging techniques can detect and characterize interstitial disease.
• Following the emergence of specific therapies targeting interstitial disease processes, such imaging techniques are likely to play a major role in guiding therapy decisions.
Pathological left ventricular hypertrophy is a common feature of many cardiac diseases. It results from both myocyte hypertrophy and interstitial expansion. Interstitial expansion is most commonly secondary to the accumulation of mature cross-linked collagen fibers due to dysregulated metabolism, known as interstitial fibrosis. This occurs secondary to a variety of stimuli including ischemic, toxic, metabolic, infective, genetic, and hemodynamic factors. Less commonly, interstitial expansion may occur because of the accumulation of misfolded amyloid protein or interstitial edema. It is now well recognized that the presence and extent of interstitial disease are associated with adverse outcomes. There is therefore interest in the development of novel therapies that target the pathways that drive these disease processes. With the emergence of such therapies, it is becoming increasingly important to be able to characterize the type and extent of interstitial disease to enable the use of such targeted therapies in a personalized manner.
Dr. Prasad has received speaker fees from Bayer. Dr. Halliday has reported that he has no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received December 17, 2018.
- Revision received April 6, 2019.
- Accepted May 7, 2019.
- 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation
This article requires a subscription or purchase to view the full text. If you are a subscriber or member, click Login or the Subscribe link (top menu above) to access this article.