Author + information
- Received June 6, 2008
- Revision received October 14, 2008
- Accepted October 16, 2008
- Published online January 1, 2009.
- David Messika-Zeitoun, MD⁎,†,⁎ (, )
- Julie Blanc, MD⁎,
- Bernard Iung, MD⁎,
- Eric Brochet, MD⁎,
- Bertrand Cormier, MD⁎,
- Dominique Himbert, MD⁎ and
- Alec Vahanian, MD⁎
Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. David Messika-Zeitoun, Cardiovascular Division, Bichat Hospital, 46 rue Henri Huchard, Paris 75018, France
Objectives We sought to evaluate the prognostic value of the degree of commissural opening (CO) on outcome.
Background Commissural opening is the main mechanism by which the mitral valve area (MVA) increases after percutaneous mitral commissurotomy (PMC) but its impact on long-term outcome has never been evaluated.
Methods Of 1,024 consecutive patients with severe MS who underwent PMC, degree of CO was prospectively evaluated in 875 patients (age 48 ± 13 years, female 83%, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III/IV 75%) with good immediate PMC results (MVA ≥1.5 cm2 and no mitral regurgitation >2/4). These 875 patients were divided into 3 groups: both commissures only partially opened or not split (Group 1, n = 189), 1 commissure completely split (Group 2; n = 459), and both commissures completely split (Group 3; n = 227). During a follow-up of 55 ± 28 months, following clinical end points were collected: death, cardiovascular death, need for mitral valve surgery or repeat dilation, and NYHA functional class.
Results Before PMC, patients in Group 1 were older, more often in NYHA functional class III/IV, but MVA and mean gradient were not different (p ≥ 0.50). Immediately after PMC, there were significant differences between groups with regard to mean gradient (Group 1, 5.1 ± 2.1 mm Hg; Group 2, 4.5 ± 1.7 mm Hg; Group 3, 4.0 ± 1.6 mm Hg; p < 0.0001) and MVA (Group 1, 1.8 ± 0.2 cm2; Group 2, 1.9 ± 0.2 cm2; Group 3, 2.1 ± 0.3 cm2; p < 0.0001). The 10-year rate of good functional results (survival without need for mitral surgery or repeat dilation and NYHA functional class I or II at last follow-up) was significantly higher in Group 3 (76 ± 5%) than in Groups 1 and 2 (39 ± 8% and 57 ± 11%, respectively; p < 0.0001). In multivariable analysis, either the degree of CO or the MVA was an independent predictor of good late functional results (p < 0.05).
Conclusions Complete CO is associated with larger MVA, smaller gradients, and functional improvement. The degree of CO provides important prognostic information and thus should be systematically evaluated during and after PMC and considered as a complementary measure of the procedural success in addition to the MVA, not always easy to assess.
- mitral stenosis
- percutaneous mitral commissurotomy
- functional improvement
- mitral valve area
Dr. Messika-Zeitoun was supported by a contrat d'interface INSERM U698.
- Received June 6, 2008.
- Revision received October 14, 2008.
- Accepted October 16, 2008.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation