Author + information
- Received May 27, 2008
- Revision received August 29, 2008
- Accepted September 9, 2008
- Published online February 1, 2009.
- Flávio C. Hiss, MD,
- Thiago F. Lascala, MD,
- Benedito C. Maciel, MD, PhD,
- José A. Marin-Neto, MD, PhD, FACC and
- Marcus V. Simões, MD, PhD⁎ ()
- ↵⁎Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Marcus V. Simões, Divisão de Cardiologia, Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo 14048-900, Brazil
Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the association between myocardial perfusion changes and the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction in patients with chronic Chagas' cardiomyopathy (CCC).
Background Pathological and experimental studies have suggested that coronary microvascular derangement, and consequent myocardial perfusion disturbance, may cause myocardial damage in CCC.
Methods Patients with CCC (n = 36, ages 57 ± 10 years, 17 males), previously having undergone myocardial perfusion single-positron emission computed tomography and 2-dimensional echocardiography, prospectively underwent a new evaluation after an interval of 5.6 ± 1.5 years. Stress and rest myocardial perfusion defects were quantified using polar maps and normal database comparison.
Results Between the first and final evaluations, a significant reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction was observed (55 ± 11% and 50 ± 13%, respectively; p = 0.0001), as well as an increase in the area of the perfusion defect at rest (18.8 ± 14.1% and 26.5 ± 19.1%, respectively; p = 0.0075). The individual increase in the perfusion defect area at rest was significantly correlated with the reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction (R = 0.4211, p = 0.0105). Twenty patients with normal coronary arteries (56%) showed reversible perfusion defects involving 10.2 ± 9.7% of the left ventricle. A significant topographic correlation was found between reversible defects and the appearance of new rest perfusion defects at the final evaluation. Of the 47 segments presenting reversible perfusion defects in the initial study, 32 (68%) progressed to perfusion defects at rest, and of the 469 segments not showing reversibility in the initial study, only 41 (8.7%) had the same progression (p < 0.0001, Fisher exact test).
Conclusions In CCC patients, the progression of left ventricular systolic dysfunction was associated with both the presence of reversible perfusion defects and the increase in perfusion defects at rest. These results support the notion that myocardial perfusion disturbances participate in the pathogenesis of myocardial injury in CCC.
- myocardial perfusion scintigraphy
- chronic Chagas' cardiomyopathy
- left ventricular function
Dr. Simões is the recipient of a research grant from Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Technológico (#307153/2004-5).
- Received May 27, 2008.
- Revision received August 29, 2008.
- Accepted September 9, 2008.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation