|Clinical Condition||Potential Applications|
|LV systolic function||Paths and kinetic energy changes of blood flowing into the left ventricle for understanding development and progression of dilated/hypertrophic LV remodeling, assessing stagnant flow and risk of thrombus formation, assessment of LV dyssynchrony, optimization of resynchronization therapy and assist devices|
|LV diastolic function||Transmitral flow patterns and spatial distribution of intraventricular pressure gradients, shear stress, and kinetic energy|
|Atrial function||Flow features for stratifying risks of left atrial clot formation, efficiency of flow in congenital heart diseases, including Fontan circulation|
|Valvular diseases||Relationship of regurgitation jet on turbulence and energy dissipation, effects of valve repair and prosthetic replacement surgery on valvular flow direction and LV remodeling|
|Aorta||Relationship of flow characteristics and shear stress with risks of aortic atherosclerosis, risks of aortic dilation and dissection in Marfan syndrome, retrograde flow from descending aorta and risks of cerebral embolism, optimization of aortic reconstruction surgeries|
|Pulmonary artery||Characterization of flow features associated with pulmonary artery remodeling in pulmonary hypertension and thrombus formation|
LV = left ventricular.