Noninvasive Imaging to Evaluate Women With Stable Ischemic Heart Disease
Lauren A. Baldassarre, Subha V. Raman, James K. Min, Jennifer H. Mieres, Martha Gulati, Nanette K. Wenger, Thomas H. Marwick, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, C. Noel Bairey Merz, Dipti Itchhaporia, Keith C. Ferdinand, Carl J. Pepine, Mary Norine Walsh, Jagat Narula, Leslee J. Shaw and American College of Cardiology’s Cardiovascular Disease in Women Committee
A Working Model of Imaging Targets Identifying Ischemic Heart Disease Risk in Women
Potential influential factors contributing to high rates of nonobstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) in women. Investigations have implicated altered flow reserve and provocative ischemia as determinants of risk, even in women with nonobstructive CAD. Other factors may further refine risk including scarring and unrecognized myocardial infarction. Each of these proposed parameters may differentially affect short- or long-term outcomes in women.