Author + information
- Received February 23, 2016
- Accepted February 23, 2016
- Published online April 1, 2016.
- Leslee J. Shaw, PhD∗ ()
- ↵∗Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Leslee J. Shaw, Emory Clinical Cardiovascular Research Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Room 529, 1462 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30324.
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for women in the United States, responsible for 1 in every 4 women’s deaths. Despite increases in awareness over the past decade, only 54% of women recognize that heart disease is their number 1 killer. Almost two-thirds (64%) of women who die suddenly of coronary heart disease have no previous symptoms. By race, heart disease is also the leading cause of death equally for African-American and white women in the United States. Among Hispanic women, heart disease and cancer cause roughly the same number of deaths each year. For American-Indian or Alaska Native and Asian or Pacific Islander women, heart disease is second only to cancer. Women presenting with suspected or with known coronary artery disease are generally older and have higher incidences of diabetes, hypertension, and often a clustering of risk factors. Women also present with more anginal-equivalent or atypical symptoms (1,2). See Figures 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.
Dr. Shaw has received funding from the Woodruff Foundation, Antinori Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health-National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01HL118019-02, R01HL111150, 1U01HL10556-01).
- Received February 23, 2016.
- Accepted February 23, 2016.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation
- ↵Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Women and Heart Disease Fact Sheet. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/dhdsp/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fs_women_heart.htm. Accessed February 29, 2016.
- Bairey Merz C.,
- Shaw L.J.,
- Reis S.E.,
- et al.