Author + information
- Received June 20, 2018
- Revision received October 17, 2018
- Accepted November 19, 2018
- Published online February 13, 2019.
- Laura Houard, MD,
- Marie-Bénédicte Benaets, MD,
- Christophe de Meester de Ravenstein, PhD,
- Michel F. Rousseau, MD, PhD,
- Sylvie A. Ahn, AS,
- Mihaela-Silvia Amzulescu, MD,
- Clotilde Roy, MD,
- Alisson Slimani, MD,
- David Vancraeynest, MD, PhD,
- Agnès Pasquet, MD, PhD,
- Jean-Louis J. Vanoverschelde, MD, PhD,
- Anne-Catherine Pouleur, MD, PhD and
- Bernhard L. Gerber, MD, PhD∗ ()
- Division of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Cliniques Universitaires St. Luc, Brussels, Belgium; and Pôle de Recherche Cardiovasculaire, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Bernhard L. Gerber, Division of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, Cliniques Universitaires St. Luc UCL, Av Hippocrate 10 / 2806, B-1200 Woluwe St. Lambert, Belgium.
Objectives This study sought to compare the prognostic value of 2-dimensional (2D) right ventricular (RV) speckle tracking (STE) against cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) RV ejection fraction (EF) and feature tracking (FT) and conventional echocardiographic parameters on overall and cardiovascular (CV) survival in patients with heart failure with reduced EF (HFrEF).
Background Prior works showed that RV systolic function predicts prognosis in HFrEF. 2D RVSTE had recently been proposed as new echocardiographic method to evaluate RV dysfunction.
Methods A total of 266 patients with HFrEF (mean LVEF 23 ± 7%, 60 ± 14 years of age; 29% women) underwent RV function assessment using CMR and 2D echocardiography and were followed for a primary endpoint of overall death and secondary endpoint of CV death.
Results Average CMR-RVEF was 42 ± 15%, average STE RV global longitudinal strain (STE-RVGLS) was –18.0 ± 4.9%, and average CMR-FT-RVGLS was −11.8 ± 4.3%. After a median follow-up of 4.7 years, 102 patients died, 84 of a CV cause. RVEF, FT-RVGLS, tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), fractional area change (FAC), and STE-RVGLS were significant univariate predictors of overall and cardiac death. In multivariate Cox regression, age, ischemic etiology, diabetes, New York Heart Association functional class III to IV, and beta-blocker treatment were independent clinical predictors of overall mortality. CMR-RVEF (chi-square to enter = 3.9; p < 0.05), FT-RVGLS (chi-square to enter 3.7; p = 0.05), FAC (chi-square to enter 6.2; p = 0.02), and TAPSE (chi-square to enter = 4.1; p = 0.04) provided additional prognostic value over these baseline parameters, but the additional predictive value of STE-RVGLS (chi-square to enter =10.8; p < 0.001) was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than the other tests. Additional hazard ratio to predict overall mortality was 2.5 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.6 to 3.9) for STE-RVGLS <−19%, 2.15 (95% CI: 1.34 to 3.43) for TAPSE >15 mm, 1.6 (95% CI: 1.02 to 2.49) for FAC >39%, 1.93 (95% CI: 1.25 to 2.99) for RVEF >41%, and 1.87 (95% CI: 1.10 to 3.19) for CMR-FT-RVGLS <−15%.
Conclusions 2D RVGLS provides strong additional prognostic value to predict overall and CV mortality in HFrEF, with higher predictive value than CMR-RVEF, CMR-FT-RVGLS, TAPSE, or FAC. This supports use of STE-RVGLS to identify higher-risk HFrEF patients.
This study was supported by a grant from the Fondation Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique of the Belgian Government (FRSM CDR 31243249). The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
- Received June 20, 2018.
- Revision received October 17, 2018.
- Accepted November 19, 2018.
- 2019 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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