Table 1

Characteristics of the Study Patients With High and Low VAT Area

Men (n = 267)Women (n = 160)
High VAT (n = 133)Low VAT (n = 134)High VAT (n = 80)Low VAT (n = 80)
Age, yrs65 ± 1064 ± 1271 ± 1068 ± 11
BMI, kg/m225.7 ± 2.722.4 ± 3.124.7 ± 3.422.1 ± 3.4
WC, cm95.8 ± 7.584.7 ± 7.693.7 ± 7.782.3 ± 8.4
SAT, cm2143 ± 5399 ± 46190 ± 71141 ± 61
Hypertension, n (%)92 (69)*76 (57)48 (60)*35 (44)
Hypercholesterolemia, n (%)80 (60)*61 (46)48 (60)*32 (40)
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)79 (59)50 (37)41 (51)23 (29)
Current smoking, n (%)73 (55)66 (49)13 (16)6 (8)
Total cholesterol, mg/dl201 ± 34196 ± 41203 ± 39204 ± 51
Triglycerides, mg/dl156 (109–231)111 (83–157)146 (110–210)98 (75–133)
HDL cholesterol, mg/dl48 ± 1459 ± 1857 ± 1668 ± 17
LDL cholesterol, mg/dl119 ± 29114 ± 32119 ± 35119 ± 47
HbA1c, %6.3 ± 1.35.8 ± 1.36.3 ± 1.25.8 ± 1.2
Medications
 Antihypertensive agents, n (%)49 (37)*32 (24)20 (25)22 (28)
 Lipid-lowering agents, n (%)39 (29)32 (24)22 (28)18 (23)
 Hypoglycemic agents, n (%)43 (32)*27 (20)28 (35)*15 (19)

Values are expressed as number (percent), mean ± SD, or medians (interquartile range). High VAT indicates VAT area greater than the sex-specific median value (men, 126 cm2; women, 91 cm2), and low VAT indicates VAT area less than the median value.

BMI = body mass index; HbA1c = hemoglobin A1c; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; SAT = subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT = visceral adipose tissue; WC = waist circumference.

  • * p < 0.05;

  • p < 0.01 versus low VAT group.