Table 2

Associations With the Presence of Calcified Plaque

UnivariateMultivariate
OR (95% CI)*p ValueOR (95% CI)*p Value
Age, per 11 yrs1.41 (1.16–1.72)0.00061.60 (1.28–2.03)<0.0001
Sex, men1.81 (1.22–2.70)0.0031.56 (0.96–2.55)0.07
VAT, per 58 cm21.71 (1.37–2.15)<0.00011.34 (1.05–1.73)0.02
Hypertension2.29 (1.55–3.41)<0.00011.62 (1.05–2.50)0.03
Hypercholesterolemia1.73 (1.17–2.55)0.0061.58 (1.03–2.42)0.04
Diabetes mellitus2.33 (1.57–3.49)<0.00012.04 (1.32–3.16)0.001
Current smoking1.71 (1.14–2.58)0.011.44 (0.89–2.34)0.1

CI = confidence interval; OR = odds ratio; other abbreviations as in Table 1.

  • * Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for the presence of calcified plaque associated with the presence of covariates in dichotomous variables or a 1 SD increase in continuous variables.