Table 2

Procedural Findings

Aortic Root Angulation°p Value for Trend
≤37.0>37.0 and ≤41.0>41.0 and ≤44.1>44.1 and ≤47.0>47.0 and ≤50.6>50.6 and ≤55.0>55.0
Number of index procedures540485490502486525550
Total procedure time, min52.5 ± 35.353.8 ± 33.255.0 ± 35.255.3 ± 42.254.8 ± 36.555.7 ± 36.959.4 ± 35.90.004
General anesthesia506 (93.7)451 (93.0)445 (90.8)464 (92.4)455 (93.6)477 (90.9)509 (92.5)0.402
Access site
 Iliofemoral411 (76.1)383 (79.0)396 (80.8)417 (83.1)391 (80.5)443 (84.3)453 (82.4)0.006
 Subclavian axillary48 (8.9)32 (6.65)23 (4.7)20 (4.0)21 (4.3)18 (3.4)31 (5.6)0.002
 Direct aortic81 (15.0)70 (14.4)71 (14.5)64 (12.7)74 (15.2)64 (12.2)66 (12.0)0.102
Pre-TAVR BAV467 (86.5)398 (82.1)409 (83.5)410 (81.7)396 (81.5)430 (81.9)455 (82.7)0.112
Post-TAVR BAV111 (20.6)133 (27.4)121 (24.7)110 (21.9)117 (24.1)137 (26.1)125 (22.7)0.690
Valve size implanted
 23 mm12 (2.2)9 (1.6)11 (2.2)8 (1.6)5 (1.0)9 (1.7)7 (1.3)0.167
 26 mm149 (27.6)117 (24.1)114 (23.3)119 (23.7)107 (22.0)136 (25.9)120 (21.8)0.105
 29 mm240 (44.5)219 (45.2)193 (39.5)228 (45.4)233 (47.9)230 (43.8)229 (41.6)0.781
 31 mm139 (25.8)141 (29.1)171 (35.0)147 (29.3)141 (29.0)150 (28.6)194 (35.2)0.027
Valves implanted
 1515 (95.4)468 (96.5)469 (95.7)478 (95.2)471 (96.9)497 (94.7)520 (94.5)0.297
 >1 Valve implanted25 (4.6)17 (3.5)21 (4.3)24 (4.8)15 (3.1)28 (5.3)30 (5.5)0.297
 224 (4.4)17 (3.5)19 (3.9)24 (4.8)15 (3.1)28 (5.3)28 (5.1)0.305
 31 (0.2)0 (0)2 (0.4)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)2 (0.4)0.851
Valve-in-valve procedure20 (3.7)15 (3.1)17 (3.5)21 (4.2)13 (2.7)23 (4.4)26 (4.7)0.262
Converted to surgical AVR1 (0.2)0 (0)1 (0.2)1 (0.2)0 (0)0 (0)0 (0)0.246
CoreValve retrieval14 (2.6)3 (0.6)11 (2.2)14 (2.8)6 (1.2)6 (1.1)7 (1.3)0.167
Coronary arteries patent533 (100.0)478 (100.0)484 (99.4)498 (100.0)483 (99.8)525 (100.0)548 (100.0)0.567
CoreValve repositioning12 (2.2)10 (2.1)12 (2.4)9 (1.8)8 (1.6)14 (2.7)13 (2.4)0.795

Values are n, mean ± SD, or n (%).

BAV = balloon aortic valvuloplasty; TAVR = transcatheter aortic valve replacement.

  • Valve-in-valve procedure is defined as 2 valves implanted in the annulus, whereas multiple valves implanted is defined as more than 1 valve being implanted within the patient irrespective of position.