Table 2

Echocardiographic Data

HFpEF Patients (n = 62)Hypertensive Patients (n = 22)Control Subjects (n = 28)p Value
LVEF, %65.1 ± 8.265.4 ± 8.464.2 ± 6.40.85
E0.74 ± 0.250.72 ± 0.210.75 ± 0.160.89
A0.90 ± 0.240.83 ± 0.160.80 ± 0.180.07
E/A0.85 ± 0.240.86 ± 0.180.98 ± 0.270.06
E′, septal6.3 ± 1.86.8 ± 1.87.6 ± 1.80.007
E′, lateral9.5 ± 2.78.4 ± 2.910.2 ± 2.70.76
E/E′, septal12.65 ± 5.6411.29 ± 4.3410.40 ± 3.210.12
E/E′, lateral9.60 ± 3.829.40 ± 3.587.71 ± 1.900.06
E/E′, average11.12 ± 4.4110.34 ± 3.209.04 ± 2.060.07
Number of patients E/E′ ≥1317 (27.4)6 (27.3)2 (7.7)0.11
Estimated PASP30.0 ± 4.527.3 ± 4.725.6 ± 4.20.12
eGCS−12.74 ± 3.50−14.03 ± 4.26−18.08 ± 2.61<0.001
eGLS−16.05 ± 2.16−18.58 ± 2.84−19.59 ± 1.49<0.001
GCS rate−0.95 ± 0.26−0.73 ± 0.57−1.05 ± 0.180.023
GLS rate−0.87 ± 0.17−0.99 ± 0.18−0.93 ± 0.160.13
LV torsion13.39 ± 6.0013.52 ± 5.4122.86 ± 4.88<0.001

Values are mean ± SD or n (%). Bold values are statistically significant.

A = late mitral inflow velocity; E = early mitral inflow velocity; E/A = early mitral inflow velocity/late mitral inflow velocity; E′ = mitral annular early diastolic velocity; E/E′ = early mitral inflow velocity/mitral annular early diastolic velocity; eGCS = echocardiographic global circumferential strain; eGLS = echocardiographic global longitudinal strain; GCS = global circumferential strain; GLS = global longitudinal strain; HFpEF = heart failure with preserved ejection fraction; LV = left ventricular; LVEF = left ventricular ejection fraction; PASP = pulmonary artery systolic pressure.

  • p < 0.05 versus HFpEF patients.

  • p < 0.05 versus hypertensives.