Table 3

Presenting Symptoms

Group I (n = 61)Group II (n = 68)p Value
Signs of local infection
 Erythema26 (42.6)11 (16.1)<0.001
 Pain25 (40.9)10 (14.7)<0.001
 Swelling16 (26.2)5 (7.3)<0.001
 Warmth19 (31.1)5 (7.3)<0.001
 Pus12 (19.6)9 (13.2)NS
 Drainage15 (24.5)8 (11.7)0.026
Signs of systemic infection
 Fever >38°C38 (62.3)53 (77.9)0.028
 Chills/sweats31 (50.8)51 (75.0)0.002
 Sepsis14 (22.9)35 (51.4)<0.001
 Leukocytosis22 (36.0)38 (55.8)0.016
Peripheral signs
 Emboli9 (14.7)10 (14.7)NS
Evidence of valve involvement
 New tricuspid valve regurgitation2 (3.2)15 (22.0)0.001
 Valve vegetation12 (19.6)15 (22.0)NS

Values are n (%).

NS = not significant.