Table 1

Demographic and Cardiovascular Risk Factors by Sex

CharacteristicsMen (n = 144) (67.9%)Women (n = 68) (32.1%)Total (n = 212)p Value
Age, yrs66.0 ± 2.666.0 ± 2.866.0 ± 2.70.91
Diabetes mellitus, %22% (32/144)9% (6/68)18% (38/212)0.03
Current smoker, %8% (12/144)12% (8/68)9% (20/212)0.59
Body mass index, kg/m227.4 ± 3.926.5 ± 4.827.1 ± 4.20.13
Systolic blood pressure, mm Hg132.9 ± 16.5132.1 ± 20.6132.9 ± 17.90.76
Total cholesterol/HDL ratio4.03 ± 1.13.5 ± 1.053.87 ± 1.090.001
Energy expenditure, kcal/kg/day35.5 ± 3.733.8 ± 2.235.0 ± 3.4<0.001
Percent >35 kcal/kg/day47% (67/144)16% (11/68)37% (78/212)<0.001

Values are mean ± SD or % (n/N). The p values for continuity-corrected chi-square values are shown.

HDL = high-density lipoprotein.