Table 4

Principal Procedural Data Derived From Other Studies on CVTI Ablation Using the Conventional Fluoroscopy-Guided Approach With an 8-mm RFA Catheter

Study (Ref. #)nProcedure Time (min)Fluoroscopy Time (min)Fluoroscopy Dose (cGy·cm2)RF Application Time (min)Number of RF Applications
Kottkamp et al. (5)2475 ± 2722 ± 6.315.0 ± 6.210 ± 5
Willems et al. (6)40172.5 ± 47.429.2 ± 9.416.7 ± 6.5
Heidbüchel et al. (15)100119 ± 5026 ± 14.82.3 ± 2.5
Schreieck et al. (17)50/15.7 ± 10.739 ± 2712.9 ± 8.6
Schneider et al. (18)24/15.9 ± 10.62,100 ± 1,980
Da Costa et al. (22)28172 ± 2614.3 ± 13.015.0 ± 15.0
Steven et al. (3)2579.2 ± 30.68.2 ± 4.65.4 ± 3.6
Kim et al. (19)183197 ± 4545 ± 25
Hindricks et al. (21)10588 ± 5414.8 ± 11.9
Vollmann et al. (4)4577 ± 2415.0 ± 4.14,303 (3,435–5,862)7.5 ± 3.49 (6–16)
Kirchhof et al. (7)26195 ± 1929.0 ± 4.021.0 ± 7.014 (2–41)
Kardos et al. (20)1673.1 ± 157.1 ± 3.88.0 ± 5.26.6 ± 3.1

Values are n, mean ± SD, or median (interquartile range).

CVTI = cavotricuspid isthmus; RF = radiofrequency; RFA = radiofrequency ablation.