Table 3

Echocardiographic Characteristics of Patients With and Without Significant FMR

Significant FMR (n = 24)Nonsignificant FMR (n = 20)p Value
Diastolic volume, ml168 ± 43161 ± 380.51
Systolic volume, ml110 ± 42113 ± 370.62
Regurgitant orifice area, cm20.44 ± 0.140.12 ± 0.03<0.0001
Annular area, cm2/m26.8 ± 1.65.4 ± 0.90.004
Leaflet area, cm2/m29.2 ± 1.98.3 ± 1.60.64
Leaflet to annular area ratio1.35 ± 0.151.53 ± 0.12<0.0001
Tenting volume, ml/m21.5 ± 0.71.2 ± 0.60.14
Tethering length, mm/m2
 Medial23.2 ± 2.322.6 ± 1.70.08
 Lateral20.8 ± 2.319.9 ± 1.70.06
Coaptation length, mm
 Medial2.4 ± 0.53.9 ± 0.7<0.0001
 Middle2.8 ± 1.04.7 ± 1.1<0.0001
 Lateral2.6 ± 0.63.9 ± 0.6<0.0001
Coaptation area, cm2/m20.9 ± 0.31.6 ± 0.4<0.0001
Coaptation index, %10.4 ± 3.520.1 ± 5.5<0.0001

Values are mean ± SD.

Abbreviation as in Table 1.