|Stage A||“Identifies the patient who is at high risk for developing HF but has no structural disorder of the heart.”|
|Stage B||“Refers to a patient with a structural disorder of the heart but who has never developed symptoms of HF.”|
|Stage C||“Denotes the patient with past or current symptoms of HF associated with underlying structural heart disease.”|
|Stage D||“Designates the patient with end-stage disease who requires specialized treatment strategies such as mechanical circulatory support, continuous inotropic infusions, cardiac transplantation, or hospice care.”|
Reprinted with permission from Hunt et al. (1).
HF = heart failure.