Author + information
- Received January 21, 2020
- Revision received March 9, 2020
- Accepted March 20, 2020
- Published online June 1, 2020.
- aCardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville
- bDepartment of Radiology and Medical Imaging, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia
- cDepartment of Biomedical Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Michael Salerno, Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Division, University of Virginia Health System, 1215 Lee Street, Box 800158, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908.
Objectives This study aimed to compare the diagnostic and prognostic performance of native T1 mapping (T1), extracellular volume (ECV) mapping, and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging for evaluating cardiac amyloidosis (CA).
Background CA is a progressive infiltrative process in the extracellular space that is often underdiagnosed and holds a poor prognosis. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) offers novel techniques for detecting and quantifying the disease burden of CA.
Methods We searched PubMed for published studies using native T1, ECV, or LGE to diagnose and prognosticate CA. A total of 18 diagnostic (n = 2,015) and 13 prognostic studies (n = 1,483) were included for analysis. Pooled sensitivities, specificities, diagnostic odds ratios (DORs) of all diagnostic tests were assessed by bivariate analysis. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality for the 3 techniques were determined.
Results Bivariate comparison showed that ECV (DOR: 84.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 30.3 to 236.2) had a significantly higher DOR for CA than LGE (DOR: 20.1; 95% CI: 9.1 to 44.1; p = 0.03 vs. ECV). There was no significant difference between LGE and native T1 for sensitivity, specificity, and DOR. HR was significantly higher for ECV (HR: 4.27; 95% CI: 2.87 to 6.37) compared with LGE (HR: 2.60; 95% CI: 1.90 to 3.56; p = 0.03 vs. ECV) and native T1 (HR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.24 to 3.37; p = 0.01 vs. ECV).
Conclusions ECV demonstrates a higher diagnostic OR for assessing cardiac amyloid than LGE and a higher HR for adverse events compared with LGE and native T1. In addition, native T1 showed similar sensitivity and specificity as ECV and LGE without requiring contrast material. Although limited by study heterogeneity, this meta-analysis suggests that ECV provides high diagnostic and prognostic utility for the assessment of cardiac amyloidosis.
Dr. Salerno has received grant support from National Institutes of Health R01 HL131919; and research support from Siemens Healthcare. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
The authors attest they are in compliance with human studies committees and animal welfare regulations of the authors’ institutions and Food and Drug Administration guidelines, including patient consent where appropriate. For more information, visit the JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging author instructions page.
- Received January 21, 2020.
- Revision received March 9, 2020.
- Accepted March 20, 2020.
- 2020 American College of Cardiology Foundation
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