Author + information
- Received February 12, 2009
- Revision received March 10, 2009
- Accepted March 12, 2009
- Published online September 1, 2009.
- Thomas Knickelbine, MD⁎,
- John R. Lesser, MD⁎,
- Tammy S. Haas, RN†,
- Eric R. Brandenburg, BS⁎,
- B. Kelly Gleason-Han, MD‡,
- Björn Flygenring, MD⁎,
- Terrence F. Longe, MD⁎,
- Robert S. Schwartz, MD⁎ and
- Barry J. Maron, MD†,⁎ ()
Reprint requests and correspondence:
Dr. Barry J. Maron, Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, 920 East 28th Street, Suite 620, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55407
Objectives The aim of this study was to assess, in a general cardiology cohort screened for obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), the effectiveness and frequency with which multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography unexpectedly imaged and identified other nonatherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.
Background MDCT angiography is a novel imaging strategy employed primarily to diagnose CAD that, in the course of these studies, can also potentially identify other important but previously unrecognized cardiovascular abnormalities.
Methods Consecutive 64-slice MDCT angiography studies were obtained in 4,543 patients with suspected atherosclerotic CAD at the Minneapolis Heart Institute, over a 29-month period (2005 to 2007).
Results Nonatherosclerotic-related cardiovascular abnormalities judged to be of potential clinical relevance were identified in 201 patients (4.4%). In 50 of these patients (1.1% of 4,543) the abnormality was previously unrecognized despite other imaging studies performed in 40%. Most common among the 50 patients were: congenital coronary artery anomalies (38%; largely right coronary artery from the left aortic sinus); ascending aortic aneurysms ≥45 mm (22%); hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with apical left ventricular (LV) wall thickening (14%); valvular heart diseases (8%), congenital heart diseases, including ventricular septal defect (6%); pulmonary embolus (6%); as well as LV noncompaction, left atrial myxoma, and LV apical aneurysm (2% each). As a consequence of MDCT angiography findings, new management strategies were instituted in 15 of 50 patients (30%), including surgical correction of coronary artery anomalies of wrong sinus origin, ascending aneurysm graft repair, thrombolytic therapy for pulmonary embolism, and myxoma resection.
Conclusions Approximately 1% of patients undergoing MDCT angiography for suspicion of CAD proved to have otherwise unsuspected, but clinically relevant, cardiovascular abnormalities unrelated to coronary atherosclerosis. Almost one-third of these patients had cardiovascular diseases with major clinical implications for subsequent therapy. These findings underscore the value of MDCT angiography and the importance of careful assessment of scans for the recognition of a variety of cardiovascular abnormalities.
This work received support from The Hearst Foundations, New York, New York.
- Received February 12, 2009.
- Revision received March 10, 2009.
- Accepted March 12, 2009.
- American College of Cardiology Foundation